Lot 163

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Thomas Heyward, Jr. Partially Printed Document Signed dated: 1 July 1788, South Carolina
A summons, signed by Thomas Heyward Jr. as one of the justices of the Court of Common Pleas in Charleston, for William Moultrie to appear to answer a lawsuit for the recovery of "Three thousand three hundred & thirty six Pounds six shillings & four pence" lawful money of the state owed to the Richard Walter and John Dawson, Charleston merchants. The printed document instructs "the Sheriffs of the said State…to attach the body" of the defendant or, in other words, to arrest the person. On this document, "attach the Body" has been marked through, and the word "summon" substituted for the printed words. This was because "Willm. Moultrie otherwise called William Moultrie Brigadr. General in the United States of America he having Privileges of the General Assembly of the said State." Moultrie, who had served his first term as governor from 1785-1787, was in 1788 a member of the General Assembly and thus was afforded the courtesy of a summons. The attorney representing the defendant was Alexander Moultrie (ca. 1750-1807), General Moultrie's half-brother. He was at the time the attorney general for the state, a position he held from 1776 until 1792 when he was impeached and removed from office for the misuse of state funds. Both Alexander Moultrie and John Ward (1767-1816), the attorney representing Walter and Dawson, signed the document.
One page, on laid paper with watermark with embossed paper seal over wax, W12 3/4" L7 3/4"

Provenance: Dr. & Mrs. C.G. Hopper, Jr. Collection

Other Notes: Thomas Heyward, Jr. (1746-1809) was South Carolina-born, American Founding Father, lawyer and politician. He was a member of the Continental Congress representing South Carolina and a signer of the Declaration of Independence and Articles of Confederation. In 1778, he presided over a trial of several who were tried for treason; they were convicted and executed in view of the British lines. In 1780, he was captured and imprisoned by the British during the Siege of Charleston.

William Moultrie (1730-1805), Charleston-born, became general in the American Revolutionary War, as a colonel leading the state militia in 1776; he prevented the taking of Charleston, and Fort Moultrie was named in his honor. Moultrie later served two terms as Governor of South Carolina and was the first president of the Society of the Cincinnati of the state.

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February 10, 2023 11:00 AM EST
West Columbia, SC, US

Charlton Hall

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